Russia – The Russian Academy of Sciences
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) is one of the leading research organisations in the world and the largest centre for fundamental research in Russia. With the use of government funding, the scientific institutions of the academic system carry out fundamental and applied scientific research in the areas of natural, technical, humanitarian and social sciences, directed at the acquisition of new knowledge on the laws of environmental, societal and human development.
In 2013, a reorganization of the academic system was carried out. According to the Charter, laid down in 2014, the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences as well as the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences were integrated with the Russian Academy of Sciences. At the present time the Academy includes 948 Academicians, 1206 Corresponding Members and over 400 International Members. In accordance with the Charter, the Russian Academy of Sciences carries out the scientific and organisational direction of thousands of scientific staff, working in hundreds of academic scientific organisations – institutes, scientific centres, observatories, research stations, botanical gardens, libraries, archives, museums and nature reserves. The Russian Academy of Sciences has been appointed the main expert on all important governmental decisions. The Russian Academy of Sciences is a legal body: a federal state budgetary scientific institution, a non-profit organisation.
The structure of the Russian Academy of Sciences is made up of departments in various areas and branches of science (RAS Departments), Regional Departments of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Regional Scientific Centres of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The Department of Agricultural Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences carries out fundamental and practical research in 255 scientific institutions and 100 experimental facilities, enterprises and manufacturers, it includes 151 Academicians, 127 Corresponding Members and 160 International Members.