60th anniversary of the Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences has passed a long and reputable path which determined the steady development of Georgian agriculture. The Academy took active part in planning and management of the field, enhancement of technology, growth of production and resource potential, and extension of production.
Georgian Academy was founded on December 12, 1957. Initially it included 14 academicians and 8 correspondent members. Today the academy has thirty Full Members, Academicians, three Corresponding Members and two Honorable Members. The scientific potential of the Academy has reflected on the development of the field of agriculture.
The scope of the scientific work carried out by Georgian researchers is large and it encompasses the following: new varieties of plants and animals and hybrids, zonal technologies, soil treatment, schemes of seed rotation, agrochemical cartography, land cadastre, soil fertility and rehabilitation, integrated systems against the harmful pests, diseases and weeds, advanced agricultural machines and technologies for different agricultural zones, water resource management, drying of Kolkheti lowlands and its utilization for agriculture, strategic schemes for economic expansion of agrarian sector, new technologies for food industry, and other issues which laid the foundation for holistic approach to development of complex zonal systems of agriculture in Georgia.
“The State Program for Development of Forest Industry” and official documents for forest protection were prepared based on which “Law on Forest” was passed. Also, the program for constructing wind-protecting zones was designed.
The structure of the Academy consists of scientific departments directed by academician –secretaries; The Academy is the umbrella for a number of units, such as: The national coordinators’ system, the Center for raising qualification of farmers and agricultural specialists. Also there is a Coordinating Center for agrobiodiversity, a printing house “Agro”, the Foundation to sustain the development of agrarian science in Georgia, Experts’ Commission, and an international scientific-methodological journal “Moambe” which is published twice a year. Those centers function effectively under the leadership of the Academy.
The Academy cooperates with more than 20 international organizations, including CGIAR, CACAARI, ICARDA, CIMMYT, ICRISAT, BIOVERCITY int., CIP, BACSA. It is a memeber of the Union of European Academies for Science Applied to Agriculture, Food and Nature.
The Academy has signed the memorandums of cooperation with the Academies, Scientific Centers, Research Institutions, and the Universities of the following countries: Belarus, China, South Korea, Poland, Rumania, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and other.
The Academy of Agricultural Sciences, throughout the history of his existence, has published more than 10 000 scientific works, among them 250 fundamental works, 165 text-books, has got the patents for 390 inventions; Also it has received 130 certificates for presenting innovations and has cultivated 25 new agricultural varieties.
The Academy is working to define future perspectives of development of agrarian science and to identify the priorities for each field of agriculture.
In 2013-2017, five international scientific conferences have been held and more than twelve scientific projects have been fulfilled funded by the Shota Rustaveli National Foundation of Georgia.
In accordance with 21st century demands and its further perspectives, the Academy should give priority to the problems, which address scientific, theoretical and practical issues, as well as technical and organizational ones. It should focus on working out complex recommendations, which will promote biodiversity and development of Georgian agriculture, endorse the production of ecologically pure product and focus on food safety, which is one of the most urgent problems of today.